Nausea is characterized by discomfort in the stomach, followed by the feeling of needing to vomit.
Generally, this condition is harmless and influenced by rocking boats or cars, abrupt movements at high speed, situations that change the ear labyrinth and balance in general, ingestion of fatty and high sugar foods during pregnancy, among others. Despite being a relatively simple problem, many people do not know what to do to pass the nausea.
However, stomach upset can also mask a number of more serious conditions, such as brain diseases and infections, myocardial infarction, and kidney failure. In addition, if recurrent or accompanied by eating disorders such as bulimia, the act of vomiting can lead you to develop diseases of the intestinal tract, such as gastritis and esophagitis.
As it is a relevant subject, we prepared this post to talk about the main causes of these disorders and how to prevent them. Follow up!
What are the most common causes of the urge to vomit at each stage of life?
In different periods of life, there are specific factors that can result in nausea. Usually, the problem is usually caused by changes in the stomach or intestine. Look!
In childhood, food poisoning, excessive coughing, and overeating are very common causes that lead to a feeling of an upset stomach. In the case of young children, intestinal blockages caused by hernias, gallstones, or tumors can also cause recurrent vomiting. However, this condition is not common and, if it exists, medical advice should be sought.
Hormonal changes, especially in the first months of pregnancy, can cause nausea and vomiting in most pregnant women. However, this condition should not prevent the pregnant woman from eating or performing her daily activities normally. If this occurs, it is necessary to seek medical help to avoid possible dangers to the life of the mother and fetus.
In normal cases, where there are no major hormonal changes or situations that affect balance, adults do not present a general condition that leads to the urge to vomit. On the other hand, when it occurs, it is usually linked to excessive consumption of alcohol or drugs, bacterial and viral infections, food poisoning, or even more serious problems such as cardiovascular disease and infections.
What diseases can cause vomiting?
Many diseases, with greater or lesser severity, can cause nausea, especially those that affect the digestive system, as it makes it more sensitive and susceptible. Below, you will see the 6 illnesses that cause nausea. Check out!
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
A common cause of heartburn, burning, and nausea is a chronic illness in which stomach fluids regurgitate into the esophagus and cause these symptoms. It is an incurable condition that requires continuous medical treatment to control these effects.
It is the inflammation of the lining of the stomach. In general, it is caused by stress, high consumption of alcoholic beverages, and poor eating habits. When aggravated by the presence of H. Pylori bacteria, it can lead to other health problems, such as stomach ulcers and bleeding. In more severe cases, symptoms may include vomiting of blood or dark stools, which require immediate medical intervention.
Nausea, dizziness, dizziness, and lack of balance are some of the symptoms of this illness—inflammation of the labyrinth, located in the ear and which regulates balance and hearing. More common in the elderly, they must have medical follow-up associated with the use of medication for nausea, dizziness, and malaise.
Hypotension (low blood pressure) or hypertension (high blood pressure) can also cause vomiting. As the symptoms of the two conditions are similar, it is necessary to measure blood pressure for a correct diagnosis.
Hypoglycemia, caused by diabetes, can cause dizziness, nausea, and falls. Diabetic people need regular medical monitoring so that such situations are avoided.
Problems such as arrhythmias, aortic aneurysms, or a heart attack can arise from dizziness or dizziness, due to the decreased pumping of blood throughout the body. People with these diseases need the monitoring of a cardiologist and, in some cases, cardiac surgery.
What is the influence of medication use?
There are several medications that can cause dizziness, nausea, headaches, and other symptoms that affect well-being, especially if consumed in excess and without the guidance of a professional. Therefore, self-medication is not recommended.
This is because each remedy has an active ingredient and different side effects, which can manifest themselves with greater or lesser intensity in each person, depending on their organism. Therefore, the use of medications must always be prescribed by medical advice, and their effects must be communicated.
Among the medications that cause discomfort, we can highlight some examples:
- antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, and antivirals;
- cardiac or pressure regulators;
- asthma medications;
- remedies for worms;
- medicines for colic;
- muscle relaxants;
- antipsychotics and anticonvulsants;
- drugs that control cholesterol;
- remedies for urinary retention;
- Remedies for the treatment of diabetes.
Thus, if there is a need to use medication, there are some ways that can be adopted to alleviate and/or avoid the side effects caused by them, such as nausea and vomiting. Therefore, we highlight some of the main ones, which can be seen below:
- Eat before: unless it is a medicine to be taken on an empty stomach, do so. Food absorbs and dilutes the main compounds that cause nausea;
- Eating quality: eat less, more often, and healthier. Heavy foods, associated with medicines, increase the chances of seasickness;
- Drink plenty of fluids: this helps relieve nausea caused by medications;
- Avoid coffee and soft drinks: they are very acidic drinks and can irritate the stomach;
- Rest: do not perform intense activities within 30 minutes after meals;
- Avoid high doses of medication: Taking doses higher than those recommended in the package insert or by your doctor can cause problems, including nausea.