Volcanoes are a very striking natural phenomenon, but the reality is that some can become highly dangerous when they erupt. We tell you which are the most active volcanoes on the planet right now.
Mount Vesuvius, Italy
Throughout its history, it has erupted several times and is considered one of the most dangerous in the world due to its location , since about three million people live in its vicinity. In some of its eruptions, the ashes came to move over more than 1,600 kilometers.
So much so that weather forecasts for the area include information on which areas could be affected by volcanic ash.
Mount Merapi, Indonesia
This volcanic mountain peak is located in the center of the island of Java, about 32 kilometers from Yogyakarta. Its name means mountain of fire, and it has a height of almost 3,000 meters . When it erupted in 2010, it killed 300 people, and nearly 300,000 had to be evacuated.
Mount Nyiragongo, Democratic Republic of the Congo
In 2002, the volcano threw more than eleven million cubic meters of lava into the center of Goma's city at its feet. It destroyed 14,000 homes and forced the evacuation of 350,000 people.
Ulawun, Papua New Guinea
The volcano spewed ash at the height of up to thirteen kilometers, and more than 10,000 people had to be evacuated due to the danger of seismic activity. The eruption emissions were dark, which could cause respiratory problems, eye and skin irritation due to the high acid content of the ash.
Mauna Loa, Hawaii
It is also one of the most active on Earth, since it has erupted more than a hundred times throughout history. For this reason, it was designated as one of the Volcanoes of the Decade and is part of one of the sixteen volcanoes of the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior.
Although it is active, it has less than 50 registered eruptions. The most recent took place in 1993 and caused the death of six scientists who were on an expedition to the volcano, and three tourists also lost their lives.
One of the most prominent dangers of this volcano is the Sciara del Fuoco, a large scar located along with the northwestern edge volcano. This gap could cause an eruption to collapse, causing tsunamis and dangerous clouds of volcanic material.
Piton de la Fournaise, France
It is constantly monitored from the Piton de la Fournaise Volcano Observatory. From it, scientists predict their eruptions weeks before they happen in enough time to warn hikers and establish emergency measures and instructions.
In recent years it has only had two catastrophic eruptions, the most recent in 2007. On that occasion, the volcano released dangerous sulfur clouds and hurled a strong stream of lava down the mountain, destroying the island's main road.